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Two years after the outbreak of WW2, the USA declared war to the Axis powers after the bombing of Pearl Harbor by the Japanese aviation on December 7, 1941. These facts about World War 2 for kids may not be entirely fun, but will definitely prove to be a good read when learning and understanding about what happened during the most chaotic, momentous, and life-changing event in American history. The Japanese used a tactic called Kamikaze where they would purposely crash a plane into an enemy ship to sink it. The World War II printable planes craft is a history exploration from Layers of Learning Unit 4-11 about World War II. Eric Hartman, the war’s top ace with 352 kills, flew the Bf 109. . The war is also abbreviated as WW2 or is referenced in some places as the Second World War. United States - The United States air force was called the Army Air Forces (or the AAF). Credit: Bernard Spragg / Commons. They used radar to help hold off the Germans in the Battle of Britain. A number of technological advancements saw the planes evolve during WW2. The jet engines were used on a number of combat outings and achieved far greater speeds than their propeller equivalents. The first German serviceman killed in the war was killed by the Japanese (China, 1937) ... Germany lost 40-45% of their aircraft during World War 2 to accidents; The Russians destroyed over 500 German aircraft by ramming them in midair (they also sometimes cleared minefields by marching over them). It was a seven seat heavy bomber. UC-43 Traveler 13. The list of aircraft of World War II includes all the aircraft used by those countries which … World War 2 facts. UC-61 For… World War II Aircraft: Engineering and Technology History: Technology advanced significantly during World War II. Robust and easy to maintain, it was much liked by pilots and ground crew alike. Germany - The German air force was called the Luftwaffe. This model has a wingspan width of 17cm and a nose-to-tail length of 15cm. – Source. A total of … The Museum’s collection of 30 World War II-era American military aircraft ranges from propeller-driven trainers, fighters, flying boats, and bombers to the nation’s first generation of jet-powered fighters to take to the air. Here are some facts about the Lancaster Bomber. World War 2 facts show that only four million civilians were killed on the Axis side, which included Germany, Japan and Italy. A World War II era fighter aircraft operated by the United States Army Air Forces, Royal Air Force and the French Air Force. When you take into account the countries involved, the death toll and the continuous anguish it caused there’s no denying this was a historical event people will never forget. Roza Shanina was a female Soviet sniper who fought in WW2 and achieved 54 confirmed hits. C-108 Flying Fortress 12. The Soviet Union used a similar tactic to bring down German aircraft. Layers of Learning has fun printables in every unit of this family-friendly curriculum. It had a top speed of 185 kmh and is credited with destroying 1,294 enemy planes. The Lancaster Bomber was one of the most famous aircraft of World War II. The formatting and tables with aircraft pictures and make models are my original contribution to this information. 1. Below are 12 important aircraft from the First World War, including bombers, fighters and reconnaissance planes. 1. 369 girlswant to drink wine, tell the man not to waste your time 7. The Luftwaffe played a major role in helping Germany to take control of much of western Europe at the start of the war. The squeeze on Germany from the east was also heavily reliant on fighters and fighter bombers. Listen to a recorded reading of this page. Dispatched to the Pacific, it joined in the Allies' island-hopping campaign and took part in the Battle of Leyte Gulf and invasion of Okinawa.In the course of the World War II, Intrepid was hit by a Japanese torpedo and three kamikazes. Wikimedia Commons has media related to World War II American aircraft. C-82 Packet 10. Compared to World War 1 (1914-1918), World War 2 set the standard for aircraft combat by producing evermore powerful bombers, faster fighters and rocket- and jet-propelled airframes. The German’s also dev… Some, like the legendary Supermarine Spitfire and North American P51 Mustang, still invoke an emotional lump in the throat when put through their paces at airshows around the world. American World War 2 planes weren’t seen in combat at the beginning of the conflict. Amongst the British collection: 1. 2. In September 1939, Britain entered into what would become the world’s most devastating war to date. By 1940 its military potential was obvious, and the Army Air Corps issued a contract to Douglas that year. C-54 Skymaster 5. INTERESTING AIRPLANE FACTS FROM WORLD WAR II. Bush. During World War II, 34,000 of the Messerscmidt Bf 109 model were built. The major Allied Powers were Britain, France, Russia, China and the United States. Sopwith Camel. These civilian casualties are the most troubling of World War 2 facts, and include the deaths of people who were killed in the Holocaust and the bombings of Britain. Planes were more aerodynamic and made of aluminum. Airplanes also played an important role in the war at sea through the use of aircraft carriers. Armstrong Whitley was a bomber and could achieve a maximum speed of 230 mph at 17700 feet. The first prototype Lancaster flew in January, 1941. C-76 Caravan 9. Includes a free display stand. The … The B-29s, which were only used in the Pacific Theater, were nearly 100 feet long and had a wingspan of 140 feet. Soviet Union - The air force of the Soviet Union was called the Soviet Air Force. The Yakovlev Yak-3 was a World War II Soviet fighter aircraft. By the end of the war, the Soviet Union had produced over 36,000 of the Ilyushin II-10 ground-attack fighter. One of the most well-known bombers of the war … C-87 Liberator Express 11. Messerschmitt fighter planes were the first modern fighter aircraft in the German air force. It performed virtually every mission asked of a land-based aircraft: day and night fighter, light bomber and nocturnal intruder, antishipping and photo-reconnaissance aircraft. The United States manufactured around 276,000 aircraft during the war. Learn more about Layers of Learning. The third Essex-class aircraft carrier built for the US Navy, USS Intrepid (CV-11) entered service in August 1943. Some others were Bristol Beaufighter, Handley Page Halifax, Hawker Hurricane, Hawker Tempest, and Superm… Eight of them were captured by the Japanese and eaten. View CNN's Fast Facts to learn more about World War II, which lasted from 1939 to 1945. Arguably the most important of World War 2 planes in history, the Douglas DC-3 airliner revolutionized the commercial aviation industry when it appeared in 1935. Avro Lancaster was the main aircraft that was put into use during night. World War 2 was a battle between two groups of countries – the “Allies” and the “Axis“. 2. Designed as an aircraft carrier-based airplane, the Mitsubishi A6M Zero was one of the best fighter planes of World War II. The U.S. built up their air force after they were initially defeated by Japan's superior air power at Pearl Harbor and the Philippines. WW2 planes were much sleeker and more powerful with aluminium bodies and supercharged piston engines. However, they were developed too late to change the course of the war. Famous bomber planes of World War II include the German Heinkel He 111 (medium bomber), the British Avro 863 Lancaster (heavy bomber), the U.S. Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress (heavy bomber), and the U.S. Boeing B-29 Superfortress (heavy bomber). It had five 7.7 mm Browning machine guns and 6985 lb bombload. In World War I the most powerful ship in the navy was a large battleship called the dreadnought. World War II witnessed tremendous growth in the size of American military aviation, from about 2,500 airplanes to nearly 300,000 by the war’s end. The Germans used the first jet fighters in World War II, among them the Messerschmitt ME-262. Only one survived because he was picked up by a passing submarine. C-45 Expeditor 2. World War II, conflict that involved virtually every part of the world during 1939–45. Bombers remained fairly crude — a crew member would drop the ordinance out of the plane, but substantial improvements were made in the manoeuvrability and reliability of the aircraft themselves. The British, German and American’s also began to experiment with jet engine planes during the war. NOTE: This is not original research by me, but information available on the world wide web and in multiple print resources. By the end of World War II, the aircraft carrier became the most feared and important part of any country's navy. [2] The most powerful artillery gun created by any nation and used in WWII was named Karl by its designer General Karl Becker. World War II was fought in the air as much as it was on the ground, with entire squadrons of fighter planes and bombers engaging in combat. Explore some of the most famous types of World War II airplanes and learn how they were used in combat operations. Around 12,000 heavy bombers were shot down during the war. Early in the war they were the dominant fighter in the Pacific Theater; it took the Allies a couple of years to build a plane that would match them. Learn all about the events that changed the lives of millions in our World War 2 facts…. The Messerschmitt 109 played a crucial role for the Germans in the Battle of Britain, escorting the bombers as they made their way to England. The British Sopwith Camel was one of the most famous World War I planes. The Most Expensive Project of World War II. C4 Norseman 6. C-47 Skytrain 3. Britain - The British air force was the Royal Air Force (or the RAF). C-46 Commando 4. It could achieve a maximum speed of 287 mph and had nine 7.7 mm Browning machine guns. UC-45 Expediter 14. World War 2 Facts. A period that saw giant leaps forward in the design of aircraft, World War II saw both Allied and Axis forces produce aircraft of incredible performance and beauty. The adaptable design allowed the plane to progress from the 109D model in 1939, with a top speed of 320 m.p.h., to the 109K model at war’s end, capable of 452 m.p.h. British B.E.2 A B.E.2a in France, 1915. That survivor is George H.W. This changed in World War II, however, with the invention of the aircraft carrier. 3. The biggest plane in the American arsenal, making it the largest plane used in World War II, was Boeing’s B-29 Superfortress. More Spitfires were produced than any other British aircraft Some of the references are listed at the end of the article. The result was more tonnage in ordnance dropped, higher ace counts and an all-new era of powered, heavier-than-air flight. In that one month they approximately 245 planes and 200 pilots. World War II Aircraft Facts: In 1944, the Army Air Forces aircraft numbers topped out at almost 80,000 planes. During World War 1 the planes were made of wood and built in the bi-plane style. It first saw service in 1941 and became the RAF’s main bomber during the war. World War 2 continues to the biggest mass war known to man. List of aircraft of World War II; Military aircraft of the United States This page was last edited on 27 October 2020, at 20:50 (UTC). 3. Nine American crewmen survived when their war plane crashed during World War 2. The plywood Mosquito was a serious challenger for the title of most versatile aircraft of World War II. The main combatants were the Axis powers (Germany, Italy, and Japan) and the Allies (France, Great Britain, the United States, the Soviet Union, and China). Log in, Which countries were involved in World War Two, WW2 Planes: A History of World War 2 Aircraft, WW2 Planes: A History of World War 2 Aircraft: https://worldwar2.org.uk. It was a single-seat aircraft which continued to see action even after WWII, well into the 1950s until it was retired for good in 1961. 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