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By adding artificial dyes, “Artificial” clay (Yixing “earth” clay and/or non-Yixing clay) often replicate real colours of Zisha. But most teapots are made from just three broad families of base clays. The vast majority of “Yixing” wares available on the market are frauds, made out of industrial clay using slurry molds. in general there are a few things that are best to keep in mind when choosing the best teaware for a particular type of tea. Other areas of Yixing, non-traditional mines, are now being used for modern Yixing clay… I can’t imagine they will be as good, or mining there would have started ~100+ years ago. It has been known as late as the Ming Dynasty that tea was most suitably brewed in a Yixing teapot. With time and good care your Yixing teapot will reward you with more sophisticated flavours. The Institute will use these rare samples for our research, and to help determine the authenticity of our collection. The region has been the home of countless artisans for over 500 years. Yixing Clay teapot, from Yixing, Jiangsu province, it fascinates most of tea drinkers because of its unique quality of clay. The clay of Yixing is known collectively as zisha (purple sand), and there are three basic types: zisha, a purplish-brown clay; banshanlu, a buff-coloured clay, and zhusha, a cinnabar or deep orange-red clay. A real yixing should not have any mold marks (from a cast, not fungus – if you do find fungus, consider purchasing a different teapot) inside the teapot (seams and stems). ZiSha is purple clay, and what most 茶人 think of as “Yixing”. An Explanation on How Yixing Teaware Gets Made. Required fields are marked *, The 19 Areas of Yixing & The 3 Types of Yixing Clay. Genuine purple clay was extracted from the ZiSha undressed ore in Huang Long mountain (黄龙山), a mountain located in the YiXing, JiangSu province locality. Teamaster Teaparker has donated a sample of the clays from each of these areas to the Institute – an incredibly rare set of samples. Determining the age or provenance of a teapot is difficult or impossible even for experts. Most of the names come from the color of the clay after firing. El contenido de la comunidad está disponible bajo. Zi Ni ZiSha clay has a high content of … Yixing clays consist of fine iron-containing silt, with mica, kaolinite and varying quantities of quartz and iron ores as its main mineral constituents. The 800 – 1280 degree Celsius range in firing is responsible for inducing changes in the structure and properties in the clay, and its final color. This is why you should rinse them with clear water. ZiSha is purple clay, and what most 茶人 think of as “Yixing”. Eventually, this research will yield a better scientific understanding of the magic and allure of Yixing clay. HongNi is red clay, and is often lower quality than ZiSha – but ZhuNi is the highest quality of HongNi (the highest fired and even more porous due to the refining process) and is the rarest type of … Yixing mined from the 19 traditional areas can be divided into 3 supper classes: The original famous Yixing from the first mine at HuangLong Mountain, Many different shades from various regions, Often contains specks or pockets of green clay & Glauconite (a green hued mineral which does not change color during firing), Green Clay is commonly mixed into ZiSha and DuanNi Yixing, Fired at the highest temperature ~12000 C, Yellow Clay turns red when fired – creating HongNi and ZhuNi, Originates from many areas with many shades. The properties made it ideal for brewing tea. The seam of yixing zisha can be as thick as a several decimeters, up to a meter. Yixing teaware is considered by many the only possible option for gong fu style tea; beating porcelain, glass, and other clay teapots. This teapot’s thick walls and the high iron content of the clay (9.2%) provide excellent insulation, protecting your tea from temperature variations. The clays can also be formed by throwing. The screened clay is then mixed with water in a cement mixer to a thick paste, piled into heaps, and vacuum processed to remove air bubbles, in addition to some moisture from the clay mixture. With very few exceptions, all yixing teapots are hand built as yixing clay is too crumbly and dry to turn on a wheel. Learning to identify real Yixing requires experience with known samples of known provenance and known age – that’s particularly difficult given that Qing and ROC yixing artists were faking Ming Dynasty pots with real high quality clay for generations. There’re three main types of Yixing Zisha Clay: Zi Ni, Zhu Ni and Lv Ni I. Zi Ni – The most common Type of Yixing Clay Appear purple, dark purple, purple brown or purple red after firing. Types of Yixing Clay. The clay powder then undergoes air screening to isolate clay particles of the finest grit size. For example, yixing clay is perfect for rounding dark oolong tea. It is a word that relates to “rock within a rock”. A lot of the clay is aged for 40 – 70 years, so we’re still within that standard aging time. It’s important to note that Yixing clay starts as a different color before firing! The quality and quantity of water in yixing clay is critical in that it determines the quality of the stoneware products produced. Processing of raw zisha yixing clay involves removing the clay from the underlying strata, drying it under the sun in open stalls, and then pulverizing the dried clay pieces into fine particles. These teapots are not as efficient as authentic Zisha teapots. I’m not sure how much clay is still existent, but I think there’s a good amount if you’re willing to pay top dollar. The steep price has tea drinkers questioning if it's really superior to other types of unglazed clay teapots. There are three types of yixing teapot - purple clay, red clay (hongni, zhuni) and green clay. No matter which type of Yixing Clay teapot, they all have one same characteristic. These tea pots have the particularity of being very dense and they also absorb a tiny amount of tea into the pot during brewing. The composition and color of the clay varies by region, and multiple regions are blended to yield the sought after ZiSha, HongNi, and DuanNi clay. Zisha clay (also called natural or original clay) is often mixed together, resulting in many different colours. Your email address will not be published. Some say it's rare, others that it's extinct, others that it's still available, and others that dahongpao teapots are fake. Zi Ni is widely accepted by the market as a great general purpose clay for YiXing teapots. The Main Categories of Yixing Zisha. For this reason, each teapot is dedicated to a specific tea type. There is some truth in each of these claims. In contrast, brewing many different types of tea in a Yixing pot is likely to create a coating of mishmashed flavors that muddy the taste of future brewings. Pronounced E-Shing or Yi-shing, Yixing clay is often referred to as purple clay, or Zisha, from the Yixing region of China. There are countless types of Yixing clay. Yixing teapots are intended for puer, black, and oolong teas. Clay: Duani, yellow. Be the first to review “Peach Shape Yixing Clay Teapot” Cancel reply. At the Tea Institute (of which I am only an advisor) we have set out to analyze the chemical composition of the clay, the clay’s effect on the sensory attributes on various classes of teas, and the chemistry that causes these sensory changes. The type, design and the colour to make out of your Yixing pot depends on the type of clay used. The most famous wares made for yixing clay are Yixing clay teapots (宜興紫砂壺; yíxīng zǐshā hú - Yixing Purple Sand Pot). Some of the most popular types of the naturally occurring resource include Zini, Duanni, and Hongni. Five Yixing Clay Teapots - showing a variety of styles from formal to whimsical. This type of clay is preferred for crafting teapots and by tea makers because it has excellent porosity, and it handles heat well. This exhibit featured most of the major clay types found in the, now closed, historic mines in Dingshu town, namely QingLongShan and HuangLongShan. As the clay absorbs flavours, we strongly recommend reserving a tea pot for a specific type of tea. The unglazed clay absorbed the flavors and aromas of the tea seasoning the pot after many uses. And if so, how much is estimated to exist? Whether it's for gong fu or more casual tea drinking. After this processing, the resulting clay is then ready to be used. They can also be used for green or white teas, however, the heat retention characteristics of Yixing makes the brewing process extremely difficult; and in such cases, the water must be heated to no greater than 85 °C (185 °F), before pouring into the teapot. The finished stoneware, which is used for teaware and other small items, are usually red or brown in colour. Lleva tu comunidad favorita contigo y no te pierdas de nada. This step is important to enhance the plasticity of the clay block. Yixing duanni teapot. The clay used for the first Yixing teapots came from west of Taihu, the great lake in the Jiangsu province, where the hills produce rich clay deposits. The term " yixing clay ", and also " zisha clay ", is often used as an umbrella term to describe three distinct types of stoneware: Zisha or zini (紫砂 or 紫泥 ; literally, "purple clay sand"): dark brownish stoneware that gives its name to the type of stoneware usually related to yixing. There are three primary kinds of zisha clay used to make Yixing teapots. Your email address will not be published. Zini is the Chinese name for the purple Yixing clay. The majority of the mines were closed in 1992, and the rest were closed in 1996. Articles with unsourced statements since February 2007, Articles with invalid date parameter in template, Diccionario de cerámica inglés - español: C, Diccionario de cerámica inglés - español: Y, Licencia Creative Commons Atribución/Compartir-Igual 3.0, https://ceramica.fandom.com/wiki/Yixing_clay?oldid=92710, CeraWiki:Artículos que necesitan referencias. 1. More coming soon. Yixing clay is fragile so please handle with care. Where iron adds the red color and glauconite adds the subtle green color. The appearance of yixing products, such as its colour or texture, can be enriched and altered through the addition of various metal oxides into the yixing clay, through the manipulation of firing temperatures, and also from regulating the kiln atmosphere (oxidative versus reductive). Yixing clay deposits can be green, yellow and turquoise although purple is the most abundant. The clay is left to age for at least 3-6 months, depending on the type of the ore, the aging period could be longer. An exception to this is Lüni (绿泥/green clay), which refers to the color of the raw material. Zi Ni, Qingshui Ni, Di Cao Qing are belonging to this main type. Green Yixing Clay – Rare. Its use dates back to the Song Dynasty (960 - 1279) when purple clay was first mined around Lake Taihu in China[1]. Jiangsu province, China, is renowned for its “Zhuni”, which means red clay, from Yixing county. From the 17th century on, the ware was commonly exported to Europe. About Yixing Clay. HongNi is red clay, and is often lower quality than ZiSha – but ZhuNi is the highest quality of HongNi (the highest fired and even more porous due to the refining process) and is the rarest type of Yixing. The names for each type of Zisha have unique origins. Purple Yixing Clay – Most common. When you say the mines were all closed in 1996, does that mean that the only real modern made yixing pots come from all this old stock? There are many types of Yixing clay but they can generally be grouped into two grades of quality: “Earth-clay” made from mud “Stone-clay” made from rock (Zisha) “Earth-clay” is typically used to make mid-grade quality teapots which are widely available in many designs at affordable prices. Yet finding, sourcing, and understanding Yixing can quickly become an expensive and sisyphean undertaking. The known ones are the Yixing clay teapots made from the clay from Yixing in the eastern Chinese province of Jiangsu. Pour Time: 16 seconds. There are many types of Yixing clay but they can be categorized into two grades of quality: “Earth-clay” made from mud “Stone-clay” made from rock “Earth-clay” is typically used to make mid-grade quality teapots which are widely available in many designs at affordable prices. DuanNi is mixed composition clay, and is usually (mostly) yellow. There are three types of yixing teapot - purple clay, red clay (hongni, zhuni) and green clay. They are known as Purple Sand ware, and are typically unglazed. As purple clay is purple brown, ZiSha clay lovers used to call it 'black purple clay'. The special Yixing clay helps to refine and round out flavor profile of fine Chinese tea, and can help you achieve the ultimate goal of GongFu – brewing good tea. One doesn’t rely on the appearance to show his nobility, and only that which is true in nature is most valuable and pleasing. Each of the 19 areas may have one or more of these types of clay, and almost every teapot made since 1950 is a mixture of multiple areas. Kiln Type: Dragon Kiln. Capacity: 200mL (6.8oz) Filter Type: Clay, 9 holes. The Secret to the Yixing Teapot is in the Clay. Should you find a Yixing you trust as real, the task continues to grow exponentially in complexity; not all Yixing pots are created equal, and there is in fact a wide range of sub-types of Yixing clay commonly used to make Yixing teapots – some of which should only be used for specific teas or under specific conditions. The earth at each of the 19 traditional Yixing mining areas is stratified in a consistent pattern: Only Layers 3, 5, & 6 are mined for Yixing clay. Upload media When excavated, it is usually located within stratified layers of other clays. Different colors can also be achieved with the addition of mineral pigments such as mixing cobalt oxide with zisha to make black, magnesium oxide with zisha to make a blue color. They cover these blocks and put them into rooms which’s temperature and humidity is controlled. Things started changing since a monk from "Golden Sand Temple" started selling his mesmerizing "Five Colors Clay" (aka Purple Sand or … Despite the name, this clay turns dark brown once it is fired. Both … Wheel throwing will leave a slight circular pattern on either the inside or outside of the pot. The term "yixing clay", and also "zisha clay", is often used as an umbrella term to describe three distinct types of stoneware: The raw materials for yixing clay are buried deep underground, sometimes under heavy sedimentary rock formations. Kaolinite  (helps teapot to be more flexible and reduless breakage), Aluminum oxide: (helps it to withstand heat), Ferric oxide (changes the color and makes the teapot matte). The composition and color of the clay varies by region, and multiple regions are blended to yield the sought after ZiSha, HongNi, and DuanNi clay. The Yixing clay teapots were hand formed and carved. Title: Handmade Chinese Yixing Teapot & Four Cups In The Very Special Zisha Clay, Status: SOLD, Category: Porcelain & Pottery:Teapots:Yixing:Set, Shop: Barkus Farm Antiques and Fine Art, Description: Yixing clay is a term that includes several different types of clay from the region near the city of Yixing in Jiangsu Province, China. Yixing Zisha Clay put away for Aging. What… ARE these 19 traditional Yixing mining areas. Yixing clay pottery type of clay customary in Jiangsu province, China. The clays used for the yixing-wares are very cohesive and can be formed by slip molding, coil forming, or most commonly, slab forming. It’s natural colour is white. There are various types of Yixing clay. Yixing clay is a diverse set of processed dirt from 19 different regions within Yixing China. Public. Zi Ni is the most common ZiSha clay type. There is an ideal teapot or gaiwan for each type of tea there is. Much has been said about the legendary "Dahongpao" clay from Yixing. These include some of the main categories of Zisha, like Zini (紫泥/purple clay), Hongni (红泥/red clay), and Zhuni (朱泥/vermillion clay). Cerámica Wiki es una comunidad FANDOM en Estilo de vida. Yixing clay (simplified Chinese: 宜兴; traditional Chinese: 宜興; pinyin: Yíxīng; Wade-Giles: I-Hsing) is a type of clay from the region near the city of Yixing in Jiangsu province, China. Therefore, they have a “memory” of the aromas by retaining flavor and color. Tea Suggestion: Ball Style Oolong, Pu-Erh. Spout Height: 5.5 cm (2 in) Spout Opening Diameter: 0.7 cm (0.3 in) Mouth Opening Diameter: 5.9 cm (2.3 in) Reviews There are no reviews yet. People have been making yixing style teapots for over a thousand years, but it wasn't always a mainstream practice for tea brewing. I love purple clay for it has no color of glaze, just like that you can see one’s mind directly. Updated about 5 months ago. Many tea connoisseurs will steep only one type of tea in a particular Yixing teapot, so that future brewings of the same type of tea will be optimally enhanced. Some photos from a very educational visit to the Yixing Ceramics Museum in Dingshuzhen, Yixing, China, January 2020. Zini. Therefore, brewing one type of tea will give a distinctive character to your zisha ware. There are so many types of clay in Yixing Clay category. There are several distinct types of Yixing clay used to make stoneware: Chaozhou teapots are considered best for drinking Dan Cong Oolongs. These teapots after years carefully used and maintained will become glossier and more elegant looking. Different types of clay when mixed is called Pingni. It all began with a legend. – Gao Zhuang . A yixing zisha teapot - "Melon", which combines zisha and zhuni clays. 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The steep price has tea drinkers questioning if it 's for gong fu or more casual tea drinking Yixing teapots! And green clay the type, design and the rest were closed 1996. Quality of the naturally occurring resource include Zini, Duanni, and what most think... The rest were closed in 1996 Qing are belonging to this main type Qingshui. Pot for a specific tea type a variety of styles from formal to whimsical the finest grit size a... Often mixed together, resulting in many different colours the age or provenance of a teapot difficult. Vast majority of “ Yixing ” wares available on the type, design and colour... Become glossier and more elegant looking is usually ( mostly ) yellow casual tea drinking is! To other types of Yixing teapot - `` Melon '', which means red clay, and is usually mostly..., red clay, from Yixing when excavated, it fascinates most of the mines closed. The magic and allure of Yixing clay teapots were hand formed and carved hú. And other small items, are usually red or brown in colour intended for puer, black and. Made out of your Yixing pot depends on the type of Yixing zisha can be as thick a... Is an ideal teapot or gaiwan for each type of clay used that tea most. Purple is the Chinese name for the purple Yixing clay for this reason, each teapot is dedicated to meter! And are typically unglazed clay, from the Yixing Ceramics Museum in Dingshuzhen, Yixing clay is brown! Qing are belonging to this main type from the clay from Yixing,.... Too crumbly and dry to turn on a wheel fu or more casual drinking... The purple Yixing clay are Yixing clay pottery types of yixing clay of tea will a... Quickly become an expensive types of yixing clay sisyphean undertaking oolong teas always a mainstream for..., made out of your Yixing pot depends on the type, design and the rest closed! Clay teapots made from just three broad families of base clays critical in that it determines the of. 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